KUK SOOL WON "Korean Traditional Martial Arts Association" founded in 1966,
Kuk Sool Won combines karate kicking and hand techniques with judo-like throws,
and locks and bars similar to those in jujutsu.
Practitioners of Kuk Sool Won endorse the superiority of this style because
of its many tactical options, none require more strength than a woman or an
elderly man can be expected to possess. Additionally, serious students learn the healing arts.
In Hyuk Su, the grandmaster of Kuk Sool Won, established the world headquarters in San Francisco.
After verifying the moral character of each beginning student, Su teaches them a small number of simple,
yet effective techniques. Advanced students learn as many as 3,608 techniques,
which are divided into 270 sections, which in turn are derived in Hyuk Su from three traditions.
Sado Mu Soo (tribal martial arts) , Buido Mu Sool (Buddhist temple martial arts)
and Koong Joong Mu Sool (royal court martial arts).
Sado Mu Sool reputedly originated during the close of the stone age in Korea, about 2000 B.C.
Understandably, its most important weapons were the stone knife, the stone spear, and the stone axe.
During this period, Korean tribes living in northern Korea and southern Manchuria
united into the Puyo confederation, an organization very similar to the Iroquois confederation in North America.
During spring and autumn ceremonies, martial arts tournaments between tribes took place.
As stone weapons were gradually replaced by those of bronze, then iron, then steel,
as agriculture replaced hunting as the chief food source, and as the larger villages became town,
then cities, Sado Mu Sool was preserved by a small number of initiates.
In A.D.987, King Sung Jong outlawed the use of weapons by the citizenry.
As is frequently the case under such prohibition, there was renewed interest in unarmed fighting,
and Sado Mu Sool enjoyed a revival in popularity. When the Japanese invaded Korea in 1592,
they met strong resistance from tribal troups skilled in this art.
Buldo Mu Sool has a history similar to those styles of kung-fu that grew out of the Shao-lin temples in China.
Buddhist monks had to maintain good health to practice their long, intense meditation sessions,
and they had to be able to defend themselves when traveling.
Some of the monks were already skilled in the martial arts when they joined the monasteries,
but most were taught after they entered.
Koong Joong Mu sool had its roots in the military training given officers and soldiers in the
armies of the three war-torn Korean kingdoms founded in the first century: Silla (57 B.C),
Koguryo (37 B.C.), Paikje (17 B.C.). Warfare encouraged the study and development
of Koong Joong Mu Sool, which included education in armed and unarmed tactics and
a thorough grounding in the classics, creating men who were both scholars an soldiers.
When the Silla kingdom conquered the other two in 688 A.D., this martial tradition declined,
but with the Japanese invasion in 1592 interest was renewed.
In 1790 King Jung Jo instructed martial arts teacher Lee Duk Moo to compile an
introduction to Korean martial arts techniques. His first three books concern weapons fighting.
A fourth dealt with unarmed combat: he described vital pressure points and warned that no one
should be taught these techniques unless he could be trusted.
In 1910 the Japanese conquered Korea. When they abolished the Korean Royal Court Army,
the master instsructor, Myung Deuk Suh, returned to his hometown in Kyung Sang province
in order to preserve what he had learned of Koong Joong Mu Sool. His grandson, In Hyuk Su,
began the study of Korean martial arts when he was 6.
Kuk Sool Won has spread throughout Korea in an estimated 153
schools, each presided over by an authorized master trained by Su.
Kuk Sool Won uniforms are patterned after the traditional dress of Korean military generals.
The twin dragon emblem worn by the grandmaster is a well-known symbol of the heavenly mandate,
or legitimacy of the kingÃ¯Â¿Â½s power. Its colors -- gold, green, and lavender -- are symbolic of the royal household.
The founder of Korean Kuk Sool Won is Grandmaster In-hyuk Suh.
Grandmaster Suh received his first instruction from his grandfather,
master Myung-deuk Suh who was master-instructor at Korean Royal Court Army until 1910.
When Japanese annexed Korea, she abolished the Korean
Royal Court Army, so master Suh came down to his home town in Kyung Sang pronince. While compiling Kuk Sool techniques, he taught these art
to his grandson, In-hyuk Suh. Before the old master passed away in 1952, he handed down five compiled books of Kuk Sool to the young master
Suh. They are
(1) Yu Sool
(3) Yu Kwon Sool
(4) Whal Bub
(5) Hyul Bob
After his grandfather passed away, the young master searched other aspects of Korean Traditional Martial Arts for the next eight years
from many other masters. These are some of the masters he studied under:
1. Master Ypng-sool Choi:
The young master visited many private martial arts schools and villages to study Tribal Martial Arts or private
martial arts. One of the influential in this area is master Young-sool Choi. From master Choi, he received further education in Yu Sool.
2. Hai Dong Seu Nim (the Great Monk of the East Sea):
In order to learn Buddhist Martial Arts, the young master visited many temples throughout
the country. One of hid great teachers was Hai Dong Seu Ni,. From this great monk, he learned Kwon Sool, Ki Bub (Ki exercise) and Breathing
3 .Master Tai-eui Wang:
The young master also visited old master of Royal Court Martial Arts. One of his teachers of this art was
master Tai-eui Wang. From master Wang , he learned Yu Kwon Sool
The knowledge inherited from his grandfather and learned from his later masters allowed him to establish the Kuk Sool Won (Korean
Traditional Martial Arts Association) in 1958. The next six years were devoted to the classification of techniques. There were
3,608 total techniques and these techniques were divided into 270 divisions. Again these 270 divisions are broken into three
separate branched of Kuk Sool; from which all the techniques are derived
1. Sado Moosool (tribal Martial Arts)
2. Booldo Moosool (Buddhist Martial Arts)
3. Kungjoog Moosool (Royal Court Martial Arts)
In 1975 the World Kuk Sool Won Association was established to promote Korean traditional martial arts throughout the world.
Grandmaster In-hyuk Suh was appointed as president and Dr, He-Young Kim as Secretary-General of the Association.